Ever wonder why Payday Loans are so dangerous? They vary across the country, meaning that the APR, the max loan amount, loan term, and more can all change depending on where you live. Roll over the state on the map below to get an idea of just how high-interest rates, the number of loans you can hold at one time, and fees can get.
MAXIMUM LOAN AMOUNT
MAXIMUM LOAN TERM
MAXIMUM FEE RATE
CHARGE FOR 14-DAY LOAN
APR FOR 14-DAY LOAN
MAXIMUM LOANS AT ONE TIME
MAX LOAN AMOUNT
MAX LOAN TERM
MAX FEE RATE
How Payday Loans Work
Payday loans are short-term cash loans. The idea behind payday loan businesses is to provide short-term stop-gap loans to working customers when an unexpected expense arises between paychecks. These loans vary between $100 and $1000, depending on state laws.
Typically, the borrower writes a check to the lender. The amount includes the total of the loan itself along with the fee for borrowing money. The lender holds onto the check and agrees to cash it after the borrower’s payday or another set date.
In theory, a payday loan can serve as a huge help to those who find themselves in a crunch…but most payday loan interest rates are generally as high as 400%! Many customers are unaware of the financial dangers ahead when entering into the terms of a payday loan, especially since each state has their own laws regarding these loans.
Qualifications for Payday Loans
Payday loans are often offered to any consumer over 18 who has a bank account, an ID, and a steady stream of income. No credit check or background check is performed. The payday loan process can be completed in as fast as 15 minutes if you meet all of the requirements. Because payday loans are so easy to obtain, they are very attractive to consumers, especially ones with bad credit. However, the high interest rates make them a very dangerous source of quick cash.
Typical Payday Loan Interest Rates
Interest rates on payday loans vary from state to state. For example, payday loan interest rates are 129% APR in Colorado but 582% APR in Idaho. Why? A large part of the interest discrepancy is due to legal implications enforced by payday loan state laws. A total of 15 states either ban payday loans or cap the interest at 36%, while the other 35 are free to impose interest fees as they please. It is apparent that although there is a high level of competition amongst payday lenders, this does not drive the interest rates down, each lender charges the maximum allowed in each respective state.
Another reason for differentiating APR is the rate at which borrowers default on their loans. Due to the shortened term of payday loans, an average 6% default rate has a greater impact because of the vast number of loans issued. In comparison to other lenders whose general loan term is a number of years, the default rate has little effect on their overall business.
High default rates are merely a symptom of irresponsible lending practices. However, the lenders are not the victims in this system. The lenders are well aware of their default rate; therefore, charging higher interest rates to compensate for it. In other words, borrowers are paying for the high default rates, not lenders.